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Prof. Dr. Fee-Alexandra Haase: Welcome inside the Think Tank

Part 2 - Elements of Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking and other thinking modes and skills

It is important to have a definition of Critical Thinking so that it can be compared and contrasted with other forms of non-critical thinking. Critical Thinking can be definied as rational analysis by objectivation. The English word ´to think´ is a deriverate from Middle English ´thenken´ and from Old English ´thencan´. Old High German ´denken´ means ´to think´, Latin ´tongere´ ´to know´. Thinking in general can be divided into several types of thinking. Non-critical thinking is subjective and can take the form of habitual thinking; brainstorming without evaluation can be used as a pre-study for Critical thinking; prejudicial thinking to support a particular position and emotive thinking are other forms of subjective thinking. Each type of thinking has advantages and disadvantages relative to a particular context. They contain skills also used by Critical Thinking

Scientific thinking Rational analysis of objects

Mathematical thinking Objectivation of objects

Historical thinking Historical analysis of objects

Anthropological thinking Comparative and social analysis of objects

Ethical / moral thinking Ethical analysis of objects

Philosophical thinking Analysis of wisdom of objects

Types of thinking according to applied field

Critical Thinking Analytical Discourse

Logical thinking Analytical Discourse

Analytical thinking Analytical Discourse

Synthetical thinking Synthetical Discourse

Hermeneutical thinking Synthetical Discourse

Emotional thinking Synthetical Descripion

Cognitive thinking Synthetical Invention

Empirical thinking Phenomenical Descripion

Pragmatic thinking Phenomenical Descripion

Inductive thinking Analytical Induction

Deductive thinking Analytical Deduction

Computational thinking Analytical Description

Connotational thinking Analytical Interpretation

Logical thinking Analytical Description

Sceptical thinking Analytical Doubt and verification

Dialectical thinking Synthetical Discourse

Types of thinking according to methods and aims


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