Prof. Dr. Fee-Alexandra Haase: Welcome inside the Think Tank
Elements of "Pure" logical thinking types in Critical Thinking
Logical thinking characterized by reliance on correct forms of reasoning using logic in a proper manner. Fallacious reasoning, specious arguments, or false analogies characterize illogical thinking. Its knowledge claims supported by inadequate or unreliable premises. Computational thinking (Lat. computare, ´to think´) results from all previous development of thoughts. Connotational thinking (Lat. connotare, ´to imply´) is the thinking, which is implied by a word in addition to its literal or primary meaning. Cognative thinking (Lat. cogitare, ´to think´) is based upon cognition as the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning. This type of thinking is cognitive processing of information around a common point, an attempt to bring thoughts from different directions into a union or common conclusion. Rational thinking or logical thinking is based upon logical possibilities. Inductive thinking is a process of reasoning from parts to the whole from examples to generalizations. Deductive thinking is a type of reasoning from the whole to its parts as generalization to demonstrate concepts with examples. Sceptical thinking is analytical and is a process of doubt with the aim of verification or falsification. Dialectical reasoning involves cognition processes including thinking about reasoning, motives and arguments of others. It includes seeing all sides of a question and analysing the strengths and weaknesses of opposing points of view.
Elements of scientific and applied scientific thinking types in Critical Thinking
Scientific thinking in general is interested in knowledge and has different areas of application. Mathematical thinking is based upon numbers and arithmetic. Historical thinking is based upon historical material or puts things in relation to history. Anthropological thinking is based upon knowledge of human species. Economic thinking puts things in relation to economy. Moral thinking focuses on ethics. Philosophical thinking is interested in wisdom. Analytical thinking and synthetical thinking base upon the comparison of elements. Synthetical thinking is the major method of applied thinking types. Synthetical thinking and evaluation are two types of thinking that have much in common.